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You may submit an appeal here.

RAPS allows the authors of rejected manuscripts to appeal the decision. A just cause for an appeal is rare and requires that errors in the review process were made that, if corrected, would lead the editor to wish to publish the revised paper. Availing yourself of this process does not guarantee that the final decision will change.

DO NOT email your appeal to the editor. Editors have been asked to funnel all appeals through the formal process to ensure that all authors are treated as equally as possible.


You must wait 2 weeks post-decision before submitting an appeal. This period is required to allow time to think about the decision. It often takes time to think unemotionally about why your manuscript was rejected.

Appeals should be submitted within a reasonable time after the decision has been made, and definitely not after more than a year.

You must include the $700 appeal fee. The fee for submitting an appeal is higher than a regular submission fee because these requests put a tremendous strain on editorial resources. An appealer is asking for a more thorough and detailed review. Since the goal is to correct possible mistakes, a tremendous time commitment is involved.

You must include a formal letter describing what errors you think have occurred and why you believe their resolution should change the decision.


The executive editor or editor will look over the existing file and your letter and decide whether to manage the appeal directly or appoint another editor.

If, in the editor’s view, a further review of the paper will not change the outcome, the editor will reject the appeal. You will receive an explanation (potentially brief) of why the editor believes further consideration is unlikely to be productive.

If the editor believes the appeal should go forward, two new referees will examine your paper. The first referee will receive the paper as if it is a de novo submission. This referee will not receive any information about the paper’s history. A second referee will examine the entire file. The report from this second referee may be brief, especially if the second referee believes the initial review came to the right conclusion. The editor will consider the referee recommendations and then issue a decision regarding the appeal. This decision is final.

If the case is on the margin in the view of the editor, or if the appeal makes a good argument that the editor has made a material error, the editor will forward the case to the executive editor, who will make the decision. In cases in which the executive editor is the editor, the case will be sent to the most suitable editor, who will then make the decision.

Refunds for Successful Appeals

If the decision on your paper is changed to a revise-and-resubmit or acceptance, we will refund the appeal fee.

Contact Us

If you are unhappy with the outcome of the appeal, you can write to the SFS president. While your complaint will be noted, the editorial decision will not be overruled.